With that being said, what was the function of High Priest? Who appoints the High Priest? How do these relate to Jesus who is the ultimate High Priest?
These are the questions we will answer in this weeks lesson on Hebrews 5:1-10.
Before we get into the text listen to Zane C. Hodges summarize what we have been learning so far.
Review of Hebrews 1-4
“In the first major movement of the epistle (1:5-4:16), the author set forth two major truths: (1) the exalted position and destiny of Him who is uniquely God’s King-Son and (2) the salvation-inheritance of those who cleave to Him by faith.
Included in the consideration of these themes have been solemn warnings not to neglect or forfeit the inheritance that His exalted station makes so attainable. The Son’s future kingship has been at the center of all this discussion.
At the same time, it has been made clear that the King-Son is also High Priest. The importance of this reality has already been briefly pointed out. Now, however, the Son’s priestly role would be considered in detail.
In doing so the writer as usual interspersed sections of expositions with passages of exhortation and warning.” Zane C. Hodges. “Hebrews” In The Bible Knowledge Commentary
Now let’s move to the text!
Hebrews 5:1-4 Description of Old Testament High Priest
5 For every high priest taken from among men is appointed on behalf of men in things pertaining to God, in order to offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins; 2 he can deal gently with the ignorant and misguided, since he himself also is beset with weakness; 3 and because of it he is obligated to offer sacrifices for sins, as for the people, so also for himself. 4 And no one takes the honor to himself, but receives it when he is called by God, even as Aaron was.
- What is the role of High Priest in verse 1? What does he do?
- Who’s benefit is he appointed for?
- Why can he deal gently with the ignorant and misguided?
- “Deal gently” translates metriopatheó which literally means “to hold one’s emotions in restraint.” What does this say about the High Priest?
- What does “ignorant” and “misguided” say about the people “in things pertaining to God”?
- Why is he obligated to offer sacrifices for himself? What does this say about the High Priest?
- How does a High Priest get his position? What is God saying here?
- What is the main point the author is making?
Hebrews 5:5-10 Being Designated by God as a High Priest
5 So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You”;
6 just as He says also in another passage, “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.
7 In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. 8 Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered. 9 And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation, 10 being designated by God as a high priest according to the order of Melchizedek.
- In verses 5a what is the author saying? Like all other High Priest how was Christ appointed?
- In verse 5b the author quotes from Ps. 2:7 again (cf. Heb.1:5), declaring that God the Father is the one who appointed Christ. He is also attributing Christ as King.
- Ps. 2:7 is also quoted by God the Father about Jesus at His baptism (cf. Matt. 3:17) and His transfiguration (cf. Matt. 17:5).
- Verse 6 is a quote from Ps. 110:4 the same Psalm the author quoted earlier in Heb. 1:5. Here He attributes Christ as a Priest in the order of Melchizedek. This Psalm gives the Messiah both a kingly and priestly role. Is this what is happening here?
- In verse 7 what were Jesus’ offerings? Compare His to what the authors says ours should be (cf. Heb. 3:15-16)
- How are they described? Do you think this refers to Gethsemane (cf. Matt. 26:36–44;
- Why was Jesus heard? Piety translates eulabeia which means “caution, reverence, fear of God, piety.”
- How did Jesus learn obedience? Is this a pattern for all God’s children?
- What are the 4 human characteristics that are used to here about Jesus? What does this say about Him?
- How was Jesus perfected? Why did He have to be perfected?
- “And having been made perfect” translates teleioó which means “to bring to an end, to complete, perfect”. It describes “being fully equipped for the assigned task”. Was this His humanity that had to be perfected?
- What was the end product of His perfection? Who is on the receiving end of this eternal salvation? What does this say about salvation?
- What does the author mean by “being designated by God as a high priest.” “Being designated” translates prosagoreuó “to address, hence to call by name.”
- Melchizedek is the only person in the OT who is called both priest and king. Melchizedek is mentioned in Gen. 14:17-20 and Ps. 110:4 and is used to describe the superiority of Jesus’ priesthood over the Aaronic priesthood.
- What is the author’s main point?
What is the central truth of Verses 1-4, 5-10?
What are the differences between you and the audience?
How can you apply these truths to your own life?
How does Jesus’ offerings in verse 7 compare with what the author in Heb. 13:15-16 calls his readers to offer to God?
How do you feel about obeying God? Jesus learned obedience through suffering? Is this a pattern for all God’s Children?
Does obedience produce salvation or is it a by-product? Are you obeying God’s Word?
How do you view suffering? What does it produce?
How does Christ’s priesthood compare to the OT priesthood? How does it contrast?
I would love to hear your comments and answers in the comment section below!
If you missed Hebrews 4 check it out! Hebrews 4: Confidently Approach the Throne of Grace