Hebrews 5:1-10 Being Designated by God as a High Priest

Heb.-5-1-10 Being Designated By God As a High Priest

 

In Hebrews 4 we saw Christ is the Ultimate High Priest and through Him we may confidently approach the throne of grace.

With that being said, what was the function of High Priest? Who appoints the High Priest? How do these relate to Jesus who is the ultimate High Priest?

These are the questions we will answer in this weeks lesson on Hebrews 5:1-10.

Before we get into the text listen to Zane C. Hodges summarize what we have been learning so far.

 

Review of Hebrews 1-4

“In the first major movement of the epistle (1:5-4:16), the author set forth two major truths: (1) the exalted position and destiny of Him who is uniquely God’s King-Son and (2) the salvation-inheritance of those who cleave to Him by faith.

Included in the consideration of these themes have been solemn warnings not to neglect or forfeit the inheritance that His exalted station makes so attainable. The Son’s future kingship has been at the center of all this discussion.

At the same time, it has been made clear that the King-Son is also High Priest. The importance of this reality has already been briefly pointed out. Now, however, the Son’s priestly role would be considered in detail.

In doing so the writer as usual interspersed sections of expositions with passages of exhortation and warning.” Zane C. Hodges. “Hebrews” In The Bible Knowledge Commentary

Now let’s move to the text!

 

Hebrews 5:1-4 Description of Old Testament High Priest

For every high priest taken from among men is appointed on behalf of men in things pertaining to God, in order to offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins; he can deal gently with the ignorant and misguided, since he himself also is beset with weakness; and because of it he is obligated to offer sacrifices for sins, as for the people, so also for himself. And no one takes the honor to himself, but receives it when he is called by God, even as Aaron was.

 

  1. What is the role of High Priest in verse 1? What does he do?
  2. Who’s benefit is he appointed for?
  3. Why can he deal gently with the ignorant and misguided?
  4. “Deal gently” translates metriopatheó which literally means “to hold one’s emotions in restraint.” What does this say about the High Priest?
  5. What does “ignorant” and “misguided” say about the people “in things pertaining to God”?
  6. Why is he obligated to offer sacrifices for himself? What does this say about the High Priest?
  7. How does a High Priest get his position? What is God saying here?
  8. What is the main point the author is making?

 

Hebrews 5:5-10 Being Designated by God as a High Priest

So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, You are My SonToday I have begotten You”;

just as He says also in another passage, You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.

In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered. And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation, 10 being designated by God as a high priest according to the order of Melchizedek.

 

  1. In verses 5a what is the author saying? Like all other High Priest how was Christ appointed?
  2. In verse 5b the author quotes from Ps. 2:7 again (cf. Heb.1:5), declaring that God the Father is the one who appointed Christ. He is also attributing Christ as King.
  3. Ps. 2:7 is also quoted by God the Father about Jesus at His  baptism (cf. Matt. 3:17) and His transfiguration (cf. Matt. 17:5).
  4. Verse 6 is a quote from Ps. 110:4 the same Psalm the author quoted earlier in Heb. 1:5. Here He attributes Christ as a Priest in the order of Melchizedek. This Psalm gives the Messiah both a kingly and priestly role. Is this what is happening here?
  5. In verse 7 what were Jesus’ offerings? Compare His to what the authors says ours should be (cf. Heb. 3:15-16)
  6. How are they described? Do you think this refers to Gethsemane (cf. Matt. 26:36–44;
    Luke 22:39–46).
  7. Why was Jesus heard? Piety translates eulabeia which means “caution, reverence, fear of God, piety.”
  8. How did Jesus learn obedience? Is this a pattern for all God’s children?
  9. What are the 4 human characteristics that are used to here about Jesus? What does this say about Him?
  10. How was Jesus perfected? Why did He have to be perfected?
  11. “And having been made perfect” translates teleioó which means “to bring to an end, to complete, perfect”. It describes “being fully equipped for the assigned task”. Was this His humanity that had to be perfected?
  12. What was the end product of His perfection? Who is on the receiving end of this eternal salvation? What does this say about salvation?
  13. What does the author mean by “being designated by God as a high priest.” “Being designated” translates prosagoreuó “to address, hence to call by name.”
  14. Melchizedek is the only person in the OT who is called both priest and king.  Melchizedek is mentioned in Gen. 14:17-20 and Ps. 110:4 and is used to describe the superiority of Jesus’ priesthood over the Aaronic priesthood.
  15. What is the author’s main point?

 

Application

What is the central truth of Verses 1-4, 5-10?

What are the differences between you and the audience?

How can you apply these truths to your own life?

How does Jesus’ offerings in verse 7 compare with what the author in Heb. 13:15-16 calls his readers to offer to God?

How do you feel about obeying God? Jesus learned obedience through suffering? Is this a pattern for all God’s Children?

Does obedience produce salvation or is it a by-product? Are you obeying God’s Word?

How do you view suffering? What does it produce?

How does Christ’s priesthood compare to the OT priesthood? How does it contrast?

I would love to hear your comments and answers in the comment section below!

 

If you missed Hebrews 4 check it out! Hebrews 4: Confidently Approach the Throne of Grace

 

 

Ephesians 4:13 A Maturity to the Fullness of Christ

A Maturity to the Fullness of Christ

 

The memory verse for this week is Ephesians 4:13. In verse 12 Paul tells the chief aim of service in the church is “to the building up of the body of Christ“.

Paul then in verse 13 explains what this “building up of the body” looks like. So what is the purpose of the church? What is the goal?

This is exactly what we will find out today in Ephesians 4:13!

We cannot just jump into the text without understanding Paul’s purpose in the book of Ephesians.

We will first go over some background information and then a brief summary of the first 3 chapters. After we have seen the background and the context we will see what Paul is talking about in Ephesians 4:1-12 that leads up to our memory verse.

So let’s take a look at some background information shall we?

 

Author

I will not go into detail but the author is Paul. Ephesians 1:1a sates; “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God”.

 

Audience

The book was written to mostly Gentile believers (cf. 1:13-14; 2:13; 4:17). The recipients are “uncertain; perhaps a circular letter to many churches in the province of Asia, of which Ephesus is the capital (no city is given in the earliest manuscripts; Paul assumes the readers do not know him personally, 1:15; 3:2).” How to Read the Bible Book by Book Fee & Stuart

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Another Helper: The Spirit of Truth

Another Helper: The Spirit of Truth

 

The memory scripture for this week is John 14:15-17 this passage is nestled in Jesus’ teachings to the disciples in the upper room. Here He introduces the Spirit of Truth to His disciples.

Before we get into the text we are going to take a quick look at why John writes his gospel and what the upper room teaching is about.

This will help us to understand the context of the passage.

The Purpose of John writing the book is stated in John 20:30-31. “Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.”

It is an evangelistic book no doubt!

The main theme of the book of John is that Christ is the divine Son of God and if you believe in Him you will have eternal life.

Now that we are looking at the book of John with the correct lens; let’s see what the upper room teaching is all about.

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Hebrews 4: Confidently Approach the Throne of Grace

Hebrews 4: Confidently Approach the Throne of Grace

 

Does God have a rest reserved for Christians today? What does the Word of God do to a Christian? Can Jesus really relate to me? These are the questions that Hebrews 4 will be answering today in this post.

If you have just found us we are in a Bible study series on the Book of Hebrews.

Last post in our Hebrews Study Series we looked at Hebrews 3 and the warning about Hardening Your Heart when you hear from God.

This week we are going to take on Chapter 4 and Confidently Approach the Throne of Grace.

Shall we get into the text?

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Timeline of Ezra Infographic

Did you know God stirred the hearts of 3 secular kings in the time of Ezra to accomplish His will?

In our youth Life Group (Sunday School) we will be looking at the major story of Ezra the next couple of weeks.

As I have been preparing I found the major events that surround and the story and dates in the Charles Ryrie Study Bible.

Are you looking for a timeline for the book of Ezra?  Do you want an easy to read infographic that tells the main points of the book of Ezra?

This infogrpahic is a great way to get a quick understanding of the major dates and characters in the story of Ezra!

Click on the image below to see a larger view of this timeline of Ezra:

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Why Does God Discipline Us

Why-Does-God-Discipline-Us

 

Why does God discipline us? What is the purpose? Is he disciplining you now? Maybe you are looking for answers?

We will find out the answers to these questions as we look in the book of Hebrews!

Our memory verse for this week is Hebrews 12:11. The context is discipline from the Lord. We are going to look at Hebrews 12:4-11. This is a subject that is important to growing as a Christian and understanding the heart of God. Yet we don’t hear many sermons on it.

 

Book of Hebrews Background

To establish the context I will give a quick background to the book of Hebrews.

Many have suggested who the author was but truthfully only God knows! He was writing to Jewish believers who had endured persecution and were endanger of returning back to Judaism.

He wrote the book to encourage them in their faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and to show them that Christ is supreme overall.

“After defining faith in Hebrews 11:1 and introducing his thesis in 11:2; the writer surveys biblical history for samples of the kind of faith he is addressing. Faith as defined by this chapter is the assurance in God’s future promises, an assurance that enables one to persevere (10:32-39.)” Craig S. Keener The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament

Hebrews 12:1-3 is the author’s climax of the survey of faith in chapter 11 pointing to Christ as the ultimate hero of faith.

We pick up Hebrews 12:4 and he has just encouraged them to fix their eyes on Jesus… and to “consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.”

Jesus was to be their example of suffering and persecution. If they were to focus on Jesus they would “not grow weary and lose heart.”

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Hebrews 3: Do Not Harden Your Hearts

Hebrews 3: Do Not Harden Your Hearts

 

What does the warning in Chapter 3 of the book of Hebrews have to do with Christians today? That is the question you will be able to answer after taking a look at this post.

If you have just found us we are in a Bible study series on the Book of Hebrews.

Last post in our Hebrews Study Series we looked at Hebrews 2:5-18 & The Significance of the Incarnation.

This week we are going to take on Chapter 3 and the warning of hardening your heart toward God.

So let’s just dive right into the text!

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Shepherds in the Christmas Story: A Biblical Account

Shepherds in the Christmas Story

 Photo Credit/Flickr Reza Vaziri

 

Are you looking for a Biblical account of the shepherds in the Christmas story? We have heard the story retold year after year, but what do the scriptures say?

In this post we are going to walk through Luke 2:1-20 which is the classic shepherd story. Though we tend to put an emphasis on the shepherds, but the real story is there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord!

To have a better understanding of whom Luke is writing to and why I have quoted Charles Ryrie from the Introduction to Luke in his study Bible. Below he gives Luke’s methodology and the distinct approach he took to his gospel.

Methodology

“In his prologue, Luke states that his own work was stimulated by the work of others (Luke 1:1), that he consulted eyewitnesses (Luke 1:2), and that he sifted and arranged the information (Luke 1:3) under the guidance of the Holy Spirit to instruct Theophilus in the historical reliability of the faith (Luke 1:4). This is a carefully researched and documented writing.”

Distinctive Approach

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A Biblical Account of the Wise Men: Magi From the East

A Biblical Account of the Wise Men

 

Who were the wise men? Can we trust tradition to tell their story accurately? Are you looking for a Biblical account of the wise men?

We are going to walk through Matthew 2:1-12 to see what the Bible has to say bout these men and see what their story has to reveal about the Lord Jesus Christ.

To get a better understanding of Matthew’s approach to writing his gospel check out What is the Significance of the Birth of Jesus Christ. In it I give a paragraph to explaining who Matthew wrote to and why.

Let’s get to it!

Magi From the East Arrived in Jerusalem (Matthew 2:1-6)

1 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, 2 “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.” 3 When Herod the king heard [this], he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4 Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. 5 They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea; for this is what has been written by the prophet:

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What is the Significance of the Birth of Jesus Christ

What is the Significance of the Birth of Jesus Christ

 Photo Credit Flickr/MTSOfan

 

What is the significance of the birth of Jesus Christ! Matthew 1:18-25 is going to answer that question for us today. But before we get into the scripture I need to set the background of the book.

This is not an exhaustive introduction to the book of Matthew all we are going to look at is his distinctive approach.

Matthew’s Approach

“Matthew was written to Jews to answer their questions about Jesus of Nazareth who claimed to be their Messiah. Was He in fact the Messiah predicted in the OT? If He was, why did He fail to establish the promised kingdom? Will it ever be established? What is God’s purpose in the meantime? Thus, in this gospel, Jesus is often spoken of as the Son of David and the One who fulfills the OT prophecies of Messiah; and the kingdom of heaven is the subject of much of His recorded teaching.” Charles Ryrie from Introduction to Matthew in the Charles Ryrie NASB Study Bible

Matthew 1:1 opens up the book and gives us great insight into Matthew’s objective with the gospel. He explains that he is about to give a “record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.”

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